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Overwhelming Majority of Americans Would Break Up With TheirCredit Union After a Crisis

Financial Institution Crises Could Mean Massive Loss When It Comes ToMember Retention

For any organization, experiencing a crisis
is inevitable. It will happen. But for a financial institution, the consequences
may be extreme – even detrimental.

According to a recent consumer survey, an
overwhelming majority of Americans (84%) say that they would leave a financial
institution if it experienced certain crises, with the number one deterrent
being FDIC/government violations.

Data breaches or cybersecurity fraud are also
a top crisis, ranking as the second biggest organizational emergency that could
cause credit unions to lose members. In fact, more than 2 in 5 Americans say
they would leave a bank if it experienced this.

Other crises that would impact member
retention, but perhaps less so, include:

  • FI was part of a
    discrimination lawsuit – 27%
  • FI employee was
    involved in an organizational misdeed – 22%
  • Bank did
    layoffs/closed branches – 21%
  • FI received negative
    reviews/comments on social media – 17%
  • Local branch
    experienced a robbery – 11%
  • Other – 5%

The survey was
conducted online in October 2020 by The Harris Poll on behalf of York Public
Relations, garnering responses from 2,053 U.S. adults age 18 and older.

Over Half Of U.S.
Consumers Would Leave Credit Union After A Compliance Violation Cited By
Government

As the number one
deterrent, over half of U.S.
consumers (56%) would end a relationship with a credit unionif itwas cited by a
government regulatory agency for non-compliance.

Older generations seem to be turned off more by FI’s committing government violations more so than younger generations, who are more likely to be concerned with social violations. Baby Boomers (ages 56-74) are more likely than Gen Z (ages 18-23), Millennials (ages 24-39) and Gen X (ages 40-55) to say they would leave a financial institution if it hadgovernment violations (66% vs. 44%, 46% and 58%, respectively). 

Conversely, younger generations
are more likely than Boomers to say they’d leave a financial institution if an employee
was involved in an organizational misdeed (26% each of Gen Z & Millennials,
23% of Gen X vs. 16% of Boomers) or if the FI received negative
reviews/comments on social media (25% of Gen Z, 23% of Millennials, 17% of Gen
X vs. 9% of Boomers). 

Additionally, Gen Z and
Millennials are more likely than Boomers to say they would drop their credit
union if it was part of a discrimination lawsuit (39% & 30% vs. 21%).

Government Violations
& Fines Continue to Surge

How likely is it for FIs
to be cited for violations? Well, it’s increasing.

Since 2008, regulators have imposed more than $253
billion in fines, creating severe strain for many institutions. In the 15-month
period through 2019, regulators fined financial institutions a record $10
billion from anti-money laundering violations alone, according to a report from
Fenergo, a
European startup that makes software to help financial institutions detect
illegal transactions. Compare this to the total of $26 billion from 2008 to
2018 – an entire decade. Fenergo expects these numbers to be higher for 2020.

In extreme cases, regulators will shut
down financial institutions completely. During the Great Recession, this was
the fate of more than 500 banks and 100 credit unions. Since 2010, 213 banks
have closed, however, most were through acquisitions. For credit unions, 113
have closed or merged over the last ten years.

In
addition to 56% of U.S. consumers citing they would end a banking relationship
following non-compliance citations from regulators, credit unions also risk
losing members following a merger, regardless of it being a “business as usual”
acquisition or sold with government assistance.

According
to a Gallup poll, FIaccountholders
leave at a much higher rate following an acquisition at 8% compared to other
non-banking organizations at 5%. However, that rate is higher (10%) if the
acquiring institution has lower member engagement – twice the industry average.
If the acquiring FI has higher engagement, the rate falls closer to the overall
industry average at 6%.

Regardless,
a 6% drop in members following a merger means fewer deposits. Add to this a
potential 56% loss due to regulatory citations that may have prompted the
merger, institutions can find themselves facing a serious crisis.

Nearly Half of
Americans Would End Relationship with Credit Union Following a Data Breach or
Cyberattack

According to the
study, nearly half (42%) of U.S. consumers would end a relationship with their
financial institution after experiencing a data breach or cybersecurity attack,
making it the second most dangerous crisis for a financial institution in terms
of member retention.

The concern was
shared nearly evenly among most age groups, however, Millennials did show a
slightly greater concern at 48% compared to other generations, with Gen Z
showing the least concern at 38%, followed by Gen X and Baby Boomers tying at
40%.

Additionally, those
with greater household incomes (between $75k-$99.9k) were more likely to end a
relationship with a credit union following a data breach or cybersecurity
attack at nearly 50% compared to those with lower household incomes (less than
$50k) at 40%.

Data Breaches &
Cyberattacks Hit Record Highs

But again, how likely
is it for an FI to experience a data breach or cyberattack?

The likeliness of a data breach is increasing across all industries –
even for financial institutions. In fact, a 2020 study from Reposify found that 23% of leading financial institutions
had an exposed database with potential data leakage. Reposify measured the prevalence of
exposed sensitive assets including exposed databases, remote login services,
development tools and additional assets for 25 multinational FIs and their 350+
subsidiaries.

Additionally,research from Risk Based Security found that last year alone saw the highest
number of databreaches ever. Increasing by 33% from the previous year, more
than 15 billion consumer records were exposed. While
the number of breaches themselves increased only slightly over 2018, the number
of exposed records jumped 284% over the exposed records reported in 2018.

Unfortunately, 2020 has been worse. In just the first quarter of the year, there were over 445 million cyberattacks, according to Arkose
Labs’ Q2
2020 Fraud and Abuse report
. Additionally,
large-scale data breaches increased 273% in just the first quarter of 2020
compared to the first quarter of last year, according to a study from cloud computing company Iomart.

Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to additional breaches and
cyberattacks. As more organizations adopted work from home policies, Zoom
became the most used application for video conferencing while also gaining
attention from fraudsters. In the first week of April, news broke that 500,000 Zoom passwords had been stolen and were now for
sale in dark web crime forums. Additionally, victims’ personal meeting URLs and HostKeys were also available.
Even more shocking, many of the leaked accounts’ details belonged to financial
institutions, along with colleges and various organizations.

COVID and the subsequent
lockdowns also led to a surge in digital adoption, which also led to greater
security risks like cyberattacks. Even FinCEN issued an advisory in July 2020, warning financial institutions of COVID-19 related
cyberattacks.

Crisis Planning
More Critical Today for CUs Than Ever Before

Whether it’s receiving regulatory memos, citations and
fines for compliance violations, or experiencing a data breach or cyberattack
(however mild or severe), a crisis can be extraordinarily damaging for
financial institutions, as we’ve seen in years past. Not only can they create
financial challenges, but the reputational damage can often be far worse, with
84% of Americans saying they would part ways with their financial institution
after a crisis.

It is crucial that credit unions prepare for worst
case scenarios. What should they communicate to members – and how? How will
they handle calls from local news stations asking questions or from employees?
What is their plan moving forward to correct any infractions?

These are not rhetorical questions. They must be
answered and a plan needs to exist. Otherwise, credit unions risk losing both
their reputation and their members.

Mary York is CEO of Atlanta-based York Public
Relations and is a recognized fintech expert. With more than 15 years of
experience and a 100% success rate, she has mitigated numerous fintech and
financial institution crises, ranging from high-profile investigations and
lawsuits, as well as regulatory disputes. For more information, contact
mary@yorkpublicrelations.com or 1-800-683-7685.

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